Lake Victoria is located in East Africa and is part of the states of Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya. It is the third largest lake after the Caspian Sea and the Upper Lake and the second largest freshwater lake in the world. The Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa, it has a catchment area of 193,000 qkm. It has a surface of 68,800 qkm, which roughly corresponds to the area of Bavaria or Ireland. On its shores in 2007 lived about 30 million people.
The lake is located in the East African plateau. The area of 8203 8203 the lake is shared by the states of Tanzania 49 of the lake area , Uganda 45 and Kenya 6 . Its coastline has a length of 3450 km, of which account for 1750 km in Tanzania, 1150 km in Uganda and 550 km in Kenya.
While Lake Victoria is fed to the west by the Kagera Nile, its outflow is to the north - this is the Victoria Nile hence the lake is considered as its source, but not as the source of the Nile . The largest island is with 560 km Ukerewe in front of the south bank. Long stretches of its shore are lined by extensive papyrus marshes.
The region around Lake Victoria is relatively rainy the average rainfall is 1015 millimeters per year. 85 of Lake water receives rainfall from Lake Victoria, 15 from tributaries including the rivers Kagera, Nzoia, Sio and Yala . The evaporation is high and corresponds to 85 of the water flowing out of the lake.
Lake Victoria is a very young lake in terms of geology, and its age is estimated at less than a million years. The last time he completely dried out 14,700 years ago. He has an amazing biodiversity. The tributaries also include the rivers Pindibo and Adabo from Burundi .
Lake Victoria was rediscovered by the British explorer John Hanning Speke for the western world in 1858 and named after the then Queen of the United Kingdom, Victoria. In 1875, Sir Henry Morton Stanley sailed the lake, once completely circumnavigating it.