Lake Baikal is located in the South Siberian Mountains on the border between the Irkutsk Oblast on the western and northern shores and the Republic of Buryatia on the eastern and southern shores. The high mountains that frame the lake include the Baikal Mountains on the west and northwestern banks, the Stanowoi Highlands in the northeast, the Barguzy Mountains and the Ulan Burgassy Mountains on the eastern shore, the Chamar Daban Mountains in the south, and the East Sayan to the southwest of the lake.
Lake Baikal is at 1642 m the deepest lake in the world. Its at 455.5 m altitude above sea level located water surface is 31.722 qkm other data according to 31.500 qkm large. The lake has a shoreline of about 2125 km, is from the southwest to the northeast 673 km long Baikals midline and a maximum of 82 km wide. Its average width is 48 km.
Around Lake Baikal there is a continental, relatively mild coniferous climate. There are about 2,000 hours of sunshine per year, with December being the sunniest month with 77 and June being the sunniest month with 275 hours of sunshine. There is approximately 450 mm of rainfall annually, with 9 mm of precipitation falling in February and 120 mm in July. Lake Baikal near Listvyanka April 2008
The winters November to March are dry and cold with average temperatures around -20 C, there is permafrost from the beginning of November to the end of March. In the mountains around the lake there is snow from mid-September to the end of June, in the valleys from mid-November to early April. Temperatures can drop to about -50 C.
The spring April May and the fall September October are very short with only two months each. Nachtfr ste can enter into June and then again from the end of August.
The summers June to August are relatively warm with averages around 15 C and daytime temperatures often above 20 C. During this time, the most rain falls.
Due to the enormous amount of water in the lake, the water temperature hardly rises above 10 even in July and August. From mid-November to early May, he is usually completely frozen.
The Baikal forms the world s largest reservoir of liquid freshwater with one fifth of liquid freshwater reserves. The lake has a volume of 23,615.39 qkm, which is thus greater than that of the Baltic Sea and corresponds to about 480 times the water content of Lake Constance. The catchment area of 8203 8203 the lake covers with its tributaries about 571,000 qkm.
Lake Baikal is fed by 336 rivers and countless streams. The largest rivers are the Upper Angara, the Selenga and the Bargusin. The Angara is the outflow of the lake and one of the major rivers of Siberia.
Historically, the lake had its drain earlier in two other places First, he was just north of the present Angara and had connection to the bed of today s Lena. By mountain formation Baikal Mountains , this drain was blocked. The second drain was further south. It was closed by an earthquake about 16,000 years ago.
In April 2015, the water surface of the lake, at 455.89 m above sea level, was only slightly higher than the previously recorded record low of 455.30 m, measured in April 1982 is expected for the spring obsolete a further reduction of 5 cm. According to the Russian Ministry of Civil Defense, the level of water inflow in the summer and autumn of 2014 was only 67 of the norm.
The Great Lakes of North America Lake Erie, Lake Huron, Lake Michigan, Lake Superior and Lake Ontario together reach a water volume of about 22,680 qkm, which is almost equal to that of Lake Baikal, and thus contain the second fifth of all liquid freshwater reserves on Earth. By contrast, the surface of the Great Lakes, with a total of about 244,300 qkm, is more than seven and a half times that of Lake Baikal.